The world of climbing won’t forget the 2019 Academy Awards ceremony.

The movie Free Solo which profiles rock climber Alex Honnold, won the Academy Award for best documentary feature. Alex Honnold is noted for his stunning free solo ascents; basically solo climbs without using any ropes or climbing gear. All that he uses on these ascents from the litany of climbing paraphernalia are rock climbing shoes and climbing chalk, carried in a chalk bag.

Free Solo covers Honnold’s 2017 solo ascent of El Capitan’s Freerider route. El Capitan is a vertical rock formation, roughly 3000 feet high, in Yosemite National Park, US. It is a much revered objective in the world of big wall climbing.

The film is directed by Elizabeth Chai Vasarhelyi, a documentary filmmaker and Jimmy Chin, professional climber and skier who is also photographer for National Geographic. “ The film benefited from Honnold’s thoughtful charm on camera, and Chin and Vasarhelyi’s incredible access during Honnold’s years-long training process, including while he was thousands of feet off the ground without a rope,’’ Outside magazine observed in an article marking the Academy Award. The magazine described the movie as the first climbing film to receive such broad mainstream acclaim.

Free Solo was released in August-September 2018. According to Wikipedia, it has so far made 19.3 million dollars at the box office. The highest grossing documentary on IMDB is 2004’s Fahrenheit 9/11, directed by Michael Moore. It made 119.19 million dollars.

The 2019 Academy Awards ceremony – it honored the best films of 2018 – was held on February 24 (early hours of February 25 in India) at the Dolby Theater in Hollywood, US. For more on Alex Honnold please try this link:

(The author, Shyam G Menon, is a freelance journalist based in Mumbai.)     


Sachin Tendulkar with winners from the women’s elite category of the full marathon at the 2019 IDBI Federal Life Insurance New Delhi Marathon (Photo: courtesy Jyoti Gawate)

Rashpal Singh and Jyoti Gawate emerged winners in the men’s and women’s category of the fourth edition of the IDBI Federal Life Insurance New Delhi Marathon held on February 24, 2019. Both athletes competed in the elite section of the race.

Rashpal Singh won with a timing of 2 hours 21 minutes and 55 seconds. Jyoti finished first among women with a timing of 2:47:54, which is an improvement over her performance last year at the same event but short of the mark she had been hoping for. A consistent podium finisher in women’s marathon for the past several years, in January 2019, Jyoti had placed second among elite women at the Tata Mumbai Marathon (TMM).

Sachin Tendulkar with winners from the men’s elite category of the full marathon at the 2019 IDBI Federal Life Insurance New Delhi Marathon (Photo: courtesy Sunil Shetty)

Among elite men, Sher Singh came second in New Delhi on Sunday with a timing of 2:23:16 followed by Manavendra Singh with a timing of 2:28:27. All the three podium finishers – including Rashpal Singh – train at the Army Sports Institute in Pune, news reports said.

Jyoti, the winner among elite women, was hoped to improve upon her 2019 TMM timing of 2:45:42, in New Delhi. Unfortunately, that didn’t happen. “ There were too many turns this time on the route,’’ she told this blog Sunday evening. The route of the marathon in New Delhi was altered slightly this year.

Nevertheless, she was happy with her performance as she had bettered her timing over the previous years in the same event. In the 2018 edition of the New Delhi Marathon, she had finished second with a timing of 2:50:11. The runner from Parbhani district of Maharashtra was hoping to improve her timing and get below the cut-off timing of 2:37 hours required for participation in the IAAF World Athletics Championships to be held in Doha, Qatar, later this year. “ I am happy with her performance in Delhi today,’’ Ravi Raskatla, Jyoti’s coach said. Jyoti had finished third in 2016, second in 2017 and 2018 and now secured first place in the 2019 edition of the event.

Jyoti Gawate and her coach Ravi Raskatla at the New Delhi Marathon (Photo: courtesy Jyoti Gawate)

Going ahead, she is slated to participate in the 2019 New Taipei City Wan Jin Shi Marathon scheduled for March 17, 2019. For more on Jyoti please try this link:

Among elite women in the full marathon, Jigmet Dolma finished second (3:01:30) followed two seconds later by Tsetan Dolkar (3:01:32) who placed third. Both these athletes are from Ladakh and belong to the team supported by Rimo Expeditions; every winter they spend a few months competing at races in India’s big cities. In January, Jigmet had placed third among elite women at TMM.

The timings returned by Jigmet and Tsetan in Delhi are noteworthy. Soon after TMM, in conversations with this blog in Mumbai, both runners had mentioned that their next objective is to progress towards sub three-hour timing in the full marathon. Sunday’s timing may not be there yet but it is close and importantly, a sizable improvement over the timing they registered in Mumbai. At 2019 TMM, Jigmet had finished in 3:10:36; Tsetan’s timing was 3:13:05.

Jigmet Dolma (left) and Tsetan Dolkar at the New Delhi Marathon (Photo: courtesy Chewang Motup)

In the elite half marathon segment, Robin Singh finished first among men with a timing of 1:09:01; Jyoti Singh took top honours among women finishing the race in 1:22:12 hours. From the men’s category in the half marathon, Dipak Suhaug finished second (1:11:07) and Deepak Singh third (1:12:51). Among women, Ujala finished second (1:24:25) and Prabhawati Rawat third (1:34:26).

Initiatives by running communities and well-wishers of running to support talent in the sport have contributed to podium finishes at domestic marathons. Rimo’s travel and training program for Ladakhi runners bore fruit in the half marathon segment of the New Delhi Marathon as well. Tashi Ladol and Stanzin Chondol, who fetched podium finishes just days ago at the Navi Mumbai Half Marathon, finished second and third respectively among women in the half marathon segment (18-25 years age group) of the New Delhi Marathon. Tashi finished in 1:30:17; Stanzin in 1:31:20. Similarly, in New Delhi, the team from Run Meghalaya also had its share of podium finishes and near podium finishes. In the women’s elite category of the full marathon, Darishisha Iangjuh placed fourth with a timing of 3:23:45. Earlier in January, Darishisha had been a podium finisher in Mumbai; with a timing of 3:21:07 she had placed third overall among amateur women and second in her age category. In the 18-35 years age group of the full marathon for men, Kresstarjune Pathaw finished first in New Delhi; he completed the race in 2:36:44 hours. In the age group of 35-45 years for men, Tlanding Wahlang (2:34:57) placed first. At 2019 TMM, Tlanding had placed second overall among amateurs and first in his age category with a timing of 2:40:53.

The team from Run Meghalaya at the New Delhi Marathon. From left: Tlanding Wahlang, Kresstarjune Pathaw, Arbet Nonglang, Darishisha Iangjuh and Dr Carolyne Lyngdoh (Photo: courtesy Habari Warjri)

In the open category of the full marathon in New Delhi, among women in the 18-35 years age group, Swati Panchabuddhe (3:08:51) placed first; in second position was Divyanka Chaudhary (3:16:40) and in third, Kaylea Brase (3:23:47). In the same age group for men, Pramod Chahar (2:38:23) and Nanjundappa M (2:38:48) finished second and third respectively. In the age category of 35-45 years among men, second and third positions went to Manjit Singh (2:44:28) and Hemant (2:54:28). In the same age category, women podium finishers were Ranjini Gupta (3:35:05), Aradhana Reddy (3:35:16) and Payal Khanna (3:41:18).

Thomas Bobby Philip (2:55:44), Murthy R.K (3:12:04) and Parag Dongre (3:15:07) were podium finishers among men in the age group of 45-55 years. Women podium finishers in the same age group were Nirupma Singh (3:40:30), Gurmeet Bhalla (3:52:46) and Ashima Mehra (4:01:07). As of Sunday night, the event’s results table posted on the web, showed only one podium finisher for the age group 40-45: Satyajit Joshi (4:38:26). In the age category 55 years and above, podium finishers among men were Ashok Nath (3:26:16), K.C Kothandapani (3:29:50) and Lachhman Singh (3:32:43). For women in that age group, there was only one podium position shown: Martha Corazzini (5:16:06).

Sunday’s race was flagged off from New Delhi’s Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium by cricket legend Sachin Tendulkar.

(The authors, Latha Venkatraman and Shyam G Menon, are independent journalists based in Mumbai.)


2019 Tata Ultra: 50k race; podium finishers from the men’s category (Photo: courtesy Deepak Bandbe)

Anjali Saraogi, Deepak Bandbe win 50k race at 2019 Tata Ultra

Anjali Saraogi and Deepak Bandbe took top honours in the 50 kilometer-race at Tata Ultra Marathon held February 24 in Lonavala.

Kolkata-based Anjali covered the distance in four hours 22 minutes and 50 seconds while Mumbai’s Deepak crossed the finish line in 3:43:06.

“ It was quite a tough race. Until 30k the course was along a road generally going uphill. After that for about 5-6 kilometers it was trail. Weather was not as cool as expected,’’ Deepak said.

He was hoping to better the timing of last year’s winner in the 50k category, Srikant Yadav (3:38:59) but fell short.

“ It was a very well organised event. Over the last five kilometers, there was hydration support for every kilometer,’’ Deepak said. “ Devendra, who finished second, was way ahead of me. I caught up with him at 40k and went past,” he said. Deepak decided to go easy in the early part of the race and that approach helped him.

Devendra Singh finished second with a timing of 3:50:52. Jitesh Vishwakarma came in third in 3:51:43.

“ It was a beautiful but tough course and a very well organised race. The run started at 2:30 AM. Being a woman it could have been scary running alone but there were bike-marshals through the entire course,” Anjali, winner among women in the 50k category, said.

2019 Tata Ultra: Anjali Saraogi (Photo: courtesy Anjali Saraogi)

The youngsters manning the aid stations were well trained in handing out hydration. “ Such small details make a huge difference to the runners, especially in tough conditions,’’ Anjali said.

She resorted to a walk-jog-run strategy as there were many uphill and downhill sections to negotiate along the 50k course, largely simulating the Comrades Marathon course. Tata Ultra is known to serve as training run for those attempting the ultramarathon in South Africa in June.

“ The strategy here has to be different from running a marathon. I walked quite a lot as it was not possible to run some of the stretches, which were quite steep,’’ Anjali said adding that grit and mental strength are central to completing a race like Tata Ultra.

Among women, Rajashri Tarihal came in second at 5:05:11. Preeti Lala (5:08:53) came in third.

In the 35k race category, podium finishers among men were Tukaram More (2:20:37), Anil Korvi (2:28:10) and Kamlya Bhagat (2:30:44). Women podium finishers were Shailja Sridhar (3:19:44), Kavita Chand (3:32:20) and Monica Becerril Ugalde (3:35:19).

Dnyaneshwar Morgha (Photo: Chetan Gusani)

2019 Navi Mumbai Half Marathon: Dnyaneshwar and Parshram triumph / Ladakhi runners top among women

With a timing of one hour, 12 minutes and 34 seconds, Dnyaneshwar Morgha and Parshram Laxman Bhoir were joint winners overall at the 2019 Tridhaatu Navi Mumbai Half Marathon

“We finished the race together,” Dnyaneshwar, a resident of village Vikramgad Khand in Thane district said. According to him, the race went off very well. However, Dnyaneshwar’s best timing in a half marathon is 1:08 hours.

A couple of weeks ago, Dnyaneshwar ran his first full marathon at a race in Chiplun in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra. He finished the race in 2:33 hours. For more on Dnyaneshwar please try this link:

At the Tridhaatu Navi Mumbai Half Marathon, Akshay Padwal finished third with a timing of 1:16:24.

Tashi Ladol (Photo: courtesy Tsering Stobgais)

Stanzin Chondol (Photo: courtesy Tsering Stobgais)

Runners from Ladakh took top honours among women. Tashi Ladol finished first with a timing of 1:28:12 hours followed by Stanzin Chondol, who crossed the finish line in 1:30:40. Both runners are from Ladakh, part of the group supported by Rimo Expeditions and visiting Mumbai every year in time for the annual Mumbai Marathon. In third position was Sayli Kupate with a timing of 1:31:57.

Susannah Gill sets new world record in World Marathon Challenge

British runner Susannah Gill set a new world record in the World Marathon Challenge early February 2019, completing the feat in 24 hours 19 minutes nine seconds to beat the previous record.

The Challenge involves running seven marathons across seven continents in seven days.

The last of the seven marathons was in Miami, Florida, where Susannah finished the race in 3:26:34 hours.

Forty competitors participating in the World Marathon Challenge were flown around the world on chartered planes to complete the marathon distance on each continent.

American runner Mike Wardian was the winner among men, in the Challenge.

Nikki Han (This photo was downloaded from the Facebook page of Hong Kong Four Trails. No copyright infringement intended.)

First ever woman finisher at HK Four Trails 298K Ultra Challenge

Nikki Han emerged the first ever woman finisher at the 2019 edition of Hong Kong Four Trails 298-kilometer Ultra Challenge.

She covered the course in 58 hours 20 minutes.

The Challenge entails running through four trails – Maclehose, Wilson, Hong Kong and Lantau – covering a distance of 298 kilometers.

Runners have to reach the end – post box in Mui Wo on Lantau Island – within 60 hours to be termed as “ finisher.’’ Those ending the run in under 72 hours are called “survivors.’’

This is a self-supported run and participants are not allowed to carry hiking poles and walking sticks.

Among men, Kristian Joergensen was the first to finish in a timing of 55 hours 52 minutes.

Nihal Baig; from Colombo Ironman

Nihal Baig tops among Indian triathletes at Colombo Ironman

Mumbai’s Nihal Ahamad Baig was the first to finish among Indian participants at the Colombo 70.3 Half Ironman, held on February 24, 2019.

Finishing the triathlon in four hours, 39 minutes and 17 seconds, Nihal ended thirteenth overall and third in his age category of 25 to 29 years.

“ I had trained with a target of 4:35 hours. I lost some time in each of the three disciplines. Nevertheless, I was able to improve my timing by five and a half minutes,’’ Nihal said.

The swim in the sea and was slightly difficult as it was a bit choppy, he said.

“ The cycling route was flat but there were three loops and during turns one had to slow down. By the time the run started it was 9:30 AM and it was hot and humid. After the halfway point I had to reduce my pace as the heat was too much,’’ Nihal said.

Nihal Baig

He had finished the Bahrain 70.3 Ironman in December 2018 in 4:44:48 hours.

With his Colombo finish, Nihal has earned a slot for the World Championships Ironman 70.3 to be held in Nice, France in September 2019.

Earlier in January 2019, Nihal had placed ninth overall and second in his age category (18-24 years) in the full marathon at the annual Tata Mumbai Marathon (TMM).

This time at Colombo 70.3, over 90 Indian triathletes participated, according to unofficial reports.

Nisha Madgavkar from Goa also achieved a podium finish in her age category of 40-44 years with a timing of 5:44:41 hours.

The overall winner of Colombo 70.3 was Olivier Godart with a finishing time of 4:05:06 hours. Godart hails from Luxembourg but lives in Dubai.

Dinesh Kumar and Aarti Patil win at Hiranandani Thane Half Marathon 2019

Dinesh Kumar was winner in the half marathon distance at the seventh edition of Hiranandani Thane Half Marathon. He finished the race in 1:09:05 hours.

In second position was Dinesh A, who completed the race in 1:09:28 hours, followed by Deepak Kumbhar in third place with a timing of 1:11:25 hours.

Among women, Aarti Patil was the winner with a timing of 1:21:13 hours. She was followed by Saigeeta Naik (1:22:20) in second position and Manisha Salunkhe (1:26:07) in third position.

In the 10k run, the winner was Dharmendra Yadav, who finished the race in 32:14 minutes. In second position was Adesh A with a timing of 32:19 minutes followed by Chandrakant Manwadkar (32:54).

Among women in the 10k race Poonam Sonune (38:41 minutes) placed first followed by Varsha Bhavari (39:05) in second place and Rishu Singh (40:18) in third.

Abhishek Pal (Photo: courtesy Abhishek Pal)

New world records for both men and women in 5k race; Abhishek Pal in fourth position

Dutch athlete Sifan Hassan set a new world record for women at the Herculis 5 k race in Monaco on February 17, 2019.

In the same race, Julien Wanders of Switzerland set a new world record for the men’s 5 k distance.

Sifan Hassan crossed the finish line in 14:44 minutes improving the previous world record of 15:48 minutes. Britain’s Laura Weightman finished second in 15:29 minutes.

According to details available on the website of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), Julien Wanders finished his 5k race in 13:29 minutes, improving a second from the previous world record of 13:29 minutes.

In the same race, 22-year-old Abhishek Pal of India finished in fourth position with a timing of 14:04 minutes.

On February 8, 2019, Julien Wanders had broken Mo Farah’s European half marathon record at the Ras Al Khaimah (RAK) half-marathon in United Arab Emirates.

Julien finished in 59:13 minutes beating Mo Farah’s previous record by 21 seconds.

At the 5k race in Monaco, Sondre Moen of Norway finished second with a timing of 13:37 minutes.

The 5km road distance was introduced as a world record event in November 2017, with the inaugural record to be recognized after 1 January 2018 if the performances were equal to or better than 13:10 for men and 14:45 for women. If no such performances were achieved in 2018, the best performances of 2018 were to be recognized on 1 January 2019.

From 2019 Ultra Spice (Photo: courtesy Divya Tate)

New course record at Ultra Spice

Lt Col Bharat Pannu set a new course record in the 1780-kilometer solo category of the 2019 edition of Ultra Spice, the annual ultra-cycling event organized by Inspire India. The race spans Goa-Ooty-Goa.

Bharat completed the race that commenced and ended at Bogmalo Beach, Goa, in 95 hours 47 minutes, breaking the previous record set by Col Srinivas Gokulnath.

Ultra Spice is a composite of three distances – 1750 km, 1000 km and 600 km – all starting and finishing in Bogmalo, Goa. It has both solo and relay team categories. Racers must have support vehicle and crew.

Bharat Pannu (Photo: courtesy Divya Tate)

In the 1750 km and 1000 km categories, two support vehicles with a minimum of two drivers in each vehicle, is mandatory.

Solo racers, who finish within stipulated time, qualify for Race Across America (RAAM), the ultra-cycling event held every year in the US featuring a ride from the country’s west coast to the east.

Kabir Rachure from Navi Mumbai placed second in the 1780 km solo category this year with a timing of 100 hours 46 minutes. The cut-off for this category is 120 hours.

Karthik Padmanabhan finished third with a timing of 119 hours 22 minutes.

Ila Patil was the first and only woman participant to finish the 1780 km race. She finished the race in 137 hours 17 minutes, outside the cut-off timing of 128 hours.

Ila Patil (Photo: courtesy Divya Tate)

In the two-person team category for the distance of 1780 km, the winner was Team Pedal Demons comprising Adesh Kale and Dhanraj Helambe. They finished in 85 hours 24 hours, well within the cut-off timing of 96 hours.

Mayank Tripathi won the 1000 km solo category finishing the race in 54 hours 32 minutes within the cut-off timing of 56 hours.

Team Gear and Beer comprising Kaustubh Dandekar and Rohit Dandekar won the two-person team category finishing the race in 47 hours 45 minutes within the cut-off timing of 48 hours.

In the solo men’s 600 km race, Shlomi Kot won in the age category of 50 years and above, finishing in 27 hours 25 minutes against the cut-off time of 32 hours. Vivek Shah finished the race for solo men in age group of 18-49 years in 29 hours four minutes against the cut-off timing of 30 hours.

This photo was downloaded from the Facebook page of Delirious W.E.S.T (Breeze; front row, third from right). No copyright infringement intended.

Delirious W.E.S.T / Breeze Sharma participates in first edition of the race

At the time of writing, the first edition of Australia’s 200 mile-ultramarathon, Delirious W.E.S.T, was going on.

The course of this ultramarathon is entirely on the Bibbulmun Track in the South West and Great Southern regions of Western Australia, from Northcliffe to Albany.

The event commenced on February 20, 2019 and was due to end at 3 PM on February 24 with a 104 hour cut-off.

India’s Breeze Sharma (Brijmohan Sharma), mountaineer and ultra-runner, was among 43 participants at the inaugural edition.

The event’s course is through forests, coastal scrub, beaches and along the Bibbulmun track.

At the time of writing, Breeze Sharma had covered over 286 kilometers.

Update: As per results available on the Delirious W.E.S.T Facebook page, Breeze Sharma completed the ultramarathon in 95 hours 39 minutes.

(The author, Latha Venkatraman, is an independent journalist based in Mumbai.)


This photo was downloaded from the Facebook page of Ladakh Marathon.

The 2019 edition of the Ladakh Marathon will feature changes with regard to hydration.

The annual marathon straddles two sub events: a marathon including the half marathon and races of shorter distances; and the Khardung La Challenge, which is an ultramarathon. The event is a full member of the Association of International Marathons and Distance Races (AIMS) since 2015.

Ladakh is an environmentally sensitive destination. Organizers feel that the routine practice at marathons of runners helping themselves to bottled water – which the Ladakh Marathon too followed till now – is not sustainable. So far, they have shipped out discarded bottles. “ This year for the Khardung La Challenge we are definitely not going to provide bottled water along the route,’’ Chewang Motup, owner of Rimo Expeditions, organizers of the Ladakh Marathon, told this blog recently.

According to him, the paradigm of hydration for the full marathon and other shorter distances are being studied with a view to make the event environment friendly. He indicated that runners may be asked to bring their own bottles or hydration gear of choice. Instead of the traditional practice of handing out bottled water at aid stations, race organizers may provide facilities to refill. “ We may be able to give a hint of what to expect by the time registration for the event opens this year. The practical details could take a little longer to work out because the act of refilling must also be as efficient as possible,’’ Motup said. He added that organizers were however already resolved that hydration for Khardung La Challenge should shift from bottled water to refilling.

Motup hopes that runners will understand the larger need for this shift and accommodate any impact on timing the new practice may cause. As it is, thanks to challenges posed by altitude, timing at the Ladakh Marathon is rarely a personal best (PB) for those coming from outside. The event’s USP is opportunity to run a marathon in Ladakh, a high altitude destination characterized by unique landscape. That being so, pausing to refill water in one’s personal bottle should sit well with runners, the organizers reason. Incidentally, their attention is not merely on hydration. There is also the issue of food packaging and wrappers discarded by participants. “ We are looking into that. It too needs to be addressed,’’ Motup said.

This photo was downloaded from the Facebook page of Ladakh Marathon.

The Ladakh Marathon started in 2012. The event’s first edition attracted some 1500 participants. In 2018, the figure was 6000. The event calls itself the world’s highest marathon; between the main marathon and ultramarathon over Khardung La, altitude on the course ranges from 11,500 feet to 17,618 feet. Runners arriving from outside Ladakh are told to reach Leh a week to 10 days before the marathon so that they get properly acclimatized. Ladakh is beyond the main axis of the Himalaya. Although climate change and its associated vagaries in weather have impacted Ladakh too, traditionally the Himalaya cuts off monsoon clouds from the south rendering much of Ladakh a rain-shadow region. The region’s landscape is that of a high altitude cold desert.

Organizing the annual marathon is not an easy job, Motup said. The organizers have to make sure that participants take acclimatization and acclimatization schedules seriously. Many of the materials required for conducting the event have to be brought in from the outside world. In the case of stuff that is discarded after use – packaged water being an example – it has to be trucked out for proper disposal and recycling. These tasks are easily done in big cities which have resident facilities for recycling. Ladakh in comparison is not only environmentally sensitive, its location, distance from the plains and mountainous access can complicate logistics. Further, unlike in the cities, where event-related services are easily outsourced, in Ladakh, the organizers and their team of volunteers have to do the bulk of the work themselves.

(The author, Shyam G Menon, is a freelance journalist based in Mumbai.)  


Illustration: Shyam G Menon

The study based on results from 72 marathons overseas and focused on recreational runners “ is the largest of its kind ever produced.’’

The IAAF Global Running Conference scheduled over May 31-June 1 at Lanzhou in China will have among key themes for discussion: the economic, social and environmental impact of road races.

More than 600 attendees representing much of the international road race industry are expected to take part. China is the world’s fastest growing market for recreational running. Against 22 sanctioned road races in China in 2011, there were 1100 in 2017. During the same period, participation grew from 400,000 to more than five million, a statement on the conference available on the website of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), said.

According to it, the conference will discuss subjects including the growth of the marathon tourism industry, creation of running cultures in cities, economic benefits of organizing events and best practices for organizing them in environmentally sustainable ways. Jen Jakob Andersen, founder and CEO of, will deliver the opening address at the conference. He will present a report on the current state of running drawn largely from a research comparing marathon performances across nations. “ The study by Andersen and his team is the largest of its kind ever produced,’’ the IAAF noted, providing alongside a link to and abstracts from the study.

The study centered on recreational runners’ performance from 72 marathons over 2009-2014 – basically six editions of 12 events. The data base analyzed spanned 2,195,588 results; the study had Andersen as lead researcher and was funded by “ On average marathon runners are being slower,’’ RunRepeat noted on its page hosting this study focused on recreational runners and restricted to multiple editions of a pool of select races.

The project looked into results from six editions of the following marathons: Chicago, Marine, Boston, London, Paris, Berlin, Frankfurt, Athens, Amsterdam, Budapest, Warszawa and Madrid. Results of elite athletes were not studied; the focus was on recreational runners. Results of nations with less than 100 results were not considered. Also omitted were results from countries having less than 10 men and 10 women in each of the years studied. Only events with results for all the six years and mention of athletes’ gender alongside were accepted for study.

Over 2009-2014, within the database analyzed, the average time taken to complete a full marathon was four hours, 22 minutes and five seconds. For 2014 alone, the figure was four hours, 21 minutes and 21 seconds. Over the six years (2009-2014), the average time for men was 4:13:23 and that for women, 4:42:33 (29.10 minutes slower), RunRepeat said on its website. At 3:55:35, Spain had the fastest average time. Looked annually, Spain was fastest in 2011, 2012 and 2013. In 2014, runners from Iceland topped. Out of 47 countries listed so India was ranked 46 with average time at 5:03:41. Interestingly at number 45 was Japan (4:40:14), a country strongly associated with the marathon and ultramarathon. The US (4:29:31) was placed 30, while the UK (4:32:24) was ranked 41.

Among men, the fastest average time was from Iceland (3:52:01); the slowest was from India (5:00:34). At 5:27:04, Indian women were slowest in their gender category topped again by Iceland (4:18:29). Over the six years studied Iceland, Philippines and Singapore showed the greatest improvement in average finish time in the men’s category. In the women’s category, India, Germany and Finland were the nations improving the most. With an improvement of two minutes 39 seconds overall, India was ranked 18 in the improvement list topped by Iceland (23 minutes 47 seconds). The country registering least improvement was China; the average time of recreational runners from China at these events got slower by 33 minutes 38 seconds. On the other hand, if you judge growth in popularity of marathon running from the database studied, then China was placed second with a growth of 259.47 per cent; it followed Russia at 300 per cent. Corresponding growth from India was 154.78 per cent. Participation from Asia grew by 92.43 per cent; that of men therein at 90.40 per cent and women, 97.80 per cent. Europe grew slower than the rest of the world with a growth of only 10.30 per cent.

In the database studied, it was observed that participation overall had increased by 13.25 per cent with enrollment of women up by 26.90 per cent compared to 7.8 per cent for men. The average distribution of women marathon runners in the numbers was 29.76 per cent; North America had the highest representation of women in running at 44.67 per cent followed by Asia (27.86 per cent), South America (26.26 per cent) and Europe (21.99 per cent). USA was the most gender equal marathon nation. Of 47 countries featured in the study, India ranked 43 as regards gender parity with its women participants at the races studied estimated at 11.76 per cent.

The overview of the study can be accessed on this link:

This blog would like to point out that 2014 is now almost five years in the past. Additionally, while one definitely needs to qualify for some of the marathons overseas, participation is dependent on ability to fund and in developing economies like India, talent for sports and deep pockets (to travel and run) don’t always manifest in the same individual. Not all recreational runners who make the cut in terms of performance reach the start line abroad. On the other hand, those who can afford will, including by means other than qualifying like availing charity bibs.

(The author, Shyam G Menon, is a freelance journalist based in Mumbai.) 


Irfan K.T (Photo: AFI Media)

The Sixth National Open Race Walking Championships held over February 16-17 in Chennai was to serve as platform for Indian athletes to meet the qualifying time for the IAAF World Athletics Championships due later this year in Doha, Qatar.

However, none of them made the cut.

At the just concluded event in Chennai, Jitendra Singh Rathore of Rajasthan was the winner in men’s 50km race walk. He finished the race in 4:23:23 hours to secure the gold medal, ahead of Sagar Joshi of Gujarat. Sagar finished the race in 4:24:21, earning the silver medal. Haryana’s Pawan Kumar took the bronze with a timing of 4:30:49 hours, the results posted on AFI’s website said.

Jitendra Singh Rathore (Photo: courtesy Jitendra Singh)

The men’s 20km race walk was keenly contested. Kerala’s Irfan K.T took the gold covering the distance in 1:26:18. Second place went to Devender Singh of Haryana (1:26:19) while Sandeep Kumar (1:26:19), also of Haryana, finished third. It was photo finish for Devender and Sandeep. Tamil Nadu’s Ganapathi Krishnan (1:26:20) missed the podium by a whisker. While informing the results, the AFI statement of February 16 quoted Irfan as being disappointed that his effort wasn’t good enough to qualify for the world championships. He intends to try again next month at the Asian Race Walking Championships to be held in Japan.

This was the third consecutive triumph for Irfan in the discipline at the national championships.

The women’s 20km race walk was won by Soumya Baby of Kerala who clocked 1:40:25. This was well short of her national record – 1:31:29 set in February last year. Uttar Pradesh’s Priyanka finished second in 1:41:20 while the bronze medal was picked up by Haryana’s Ravina who finished in 1:41:46.

A statement from the Athletics Federation of India (AFI) on February 15 had pointed out that the qualification standard (for Doha) in the men’s 20km race walk stood at 1:22:30 (hours, minutes and seconds respectively) while the mark in the men’s 50km race was 3:59:00. The qualification standard in the women’s 20km race was set at 1:33:30.

The IAAF World Athletics Championships is scheduled to be held in Doha in September-October this year.

Soumya B (Photo: AFI Media)

According to race walkers this blog spoke to, Chennai’s heat and humidity took a toll on their performance.

“ The race was good but the heat was too much,’’ Jitendra, the gold medalist in 50km, said when contacted. His personal best is 3:58:56 hours, which he set in the National Open Race Walking Championships in New Delhi in 2018.

“ The race was tough because of the heat as well as the humidity. Normally this competition is held in Delhi or Jaipur where the weather at this time is conducive for good performance,’’ Sagar, who won silver, told this blog. His had trained for this competition with a targeted timing of 3:56 hours.

Haryana’s Sandeep Kumar, who holds the national record of 3:55:59 in the 50km race walk, set at the Indian Race Walking Championships last year, did not start the contest in that discipline, the table of results from Chennai showed. Also DNS (Did Not Start) in the 20km race walk was Manish Singh Rawat of Uttar Pradesh.

Sagar Joshi (Photo: courtesy Sagar Joshi)

Jitendra and Sagar, both of them from the Indian Army, train at the Army Sports Institute in Pune. Following the Chennai event, they headed back to Pune. According to Sagar, while it is for the AFI to take a call on sending them to the upcoming meet in Japan, as back-up plan, the athletes’ coach Basanta Bahadur Rana has suggested the option of requesting the army to send them to Japan. Basanta Bahadur Rana had represented India in race walking at the 2012 London Olympics.

At the Chennai meet, Suraj Panwar of Uttarakhand won the gold medal in the boys’ 10 km race clocking a time of 43.19 minutes. Haryana’s Juned won the silver with a timing of 43.32 minutes. The bronze medal went to Farman Ali of Uttar Pradesh; he finished in 44.50 minutes.

Among girls, Roji Patel of Uttarakhand secured gold in the 10 km race. She finished the race in 53.38 minutes. Suvarna Kapase of Madhya Pradesh secured silver with a time of 55.36 minutes and Punjab’s Gurpreet Kaur got the bronze with a time of 57.00 minutes.

(The author, Latha Venkatraman, is an independent journalist based in Mumbai.)


Panel discussion at the 2019 Himalayan Club annual seminar. From left: Steve Swenson, Vasant Vasant Limaye, Peter Van Geit, Shantanu Pandit, Amod Khopkar and Mrudul Mody (Photo: courtesy Ashok Kalamkar)

Moves are afoot to set up a state level adventure council in Maharashtra.

The yet to be named body aspires to bring together stakeholders in the field of outdoors and adventure sports; stakeholders broadly meaning service providers, persons / organizations availing service and the government.

Following Public Interest Litigation (PIL) filed by a bereaved parent some years ago, the Maharashtra government had issued a set of guidelines for adventure sports.  The original set of guidelines was subsequently replaced by a second lot. At the time of writing, the second version was in force. Over the past year or two, several Indian states have pushed to frame guidelines for adventure activity. Concerns fueling the trend span guidelines for safety and risk management to impact on environment from too many visitors to sensitive wilderness locations, not to mention poor understanding of best practices to follow in the outdoors.

It is understood that the proposed council, besides bringing together the aforementioned stakeholders and contributing to guidelines, seeks to serve the community associated with outdoors and adventure sport, engage in advocacy and be able to facilitate required processes through a multi-pronged approach.

The adventure council found mention in a panel discussion on risk management in adventure sport, done as part of the annual seminar of the Himalayan Club, in Mumbai on Sunday (February 17, 2019). Panelists included Vasant Vasant Limaye, senior mountaineer and founder of High Places, Shantanu Pandit, senior outdoor educator; consultant and safety expert, Amod Khopkar, management systems consultant and trainer with longstanding association with the outdoors and Mrudul Mody, senior management team member at Pugmarks. Steve Swenson, former president of the American Alpine Club and winner of the 2018 Kekoo Naoroji Book Award and Peter Van Geit, Chennai based ultra-runner who delivered the club’s annual Kaivan Mistry Memorial Lecture also participated in the discussion.

Samgyal Sherpa (right) after receiving the Garud Gold Medal (Photo: Shyam G Menon)

Among points debated were the relevance of standardized guidelines nationwide as opposed to each state having its own with consequent questions over mutual compatibility and the prospect of grading service providers (example: adventure tour operators) on the basis of track record and safety standards so that clients have a truer picture of who they are dealing with.  Also mentioned was the need to support the adventure council with adequate resources for effectively implementing its work.

Earlier at the day long-proceedings, Peter Van Geit spoke at length about his 75 day-trail run, spanning some 1500 kilometers and covering 40 high, mountain passes essayed last year in Himachal Pradesh.  Steve Swenson spoke of the Khumbu Climbing Center established in Nepal by the Alex Lowe Charitable Foundation. Later, as part of receiving the 2018 Kekoo Naoroji Book Award, he also spoke about his book Karakoram – Climbing through the Kashmir Conflict and his climbs in the region. While the Jagdish Nanawati Award for Mountaineering Excellence was not given this year, the Garud Gold Medal for excellent support staff was presented to Samgyal Sherpa.

(The author, Shyam G Menon, is a freelance journalist based in Mumbai.)


Bruce Fordyce (Photo: Shyam G Menon)

Bruce Fordyce still holds the world record over 50 miles; a mark he set in 1983 at the London to Brighton ultramarathon. He won that race three years in a row. At one point in his running career, he also held the world record over 100 kilometers. However Bruce is best known as the man who won the Comrades ultramarathon in his home country – South Africa, nine times, eight of that in a row. Altogether he has run Comrades thirty times. That string of victories and his close association with the event opened a window of opportunity – he gets to travel and speak about Comrades. Now 63 years old, he was among guest speakers at the expo preceding the 2019 Tata Mumbai Marathon (TMM). On race day, after completing the full marathon in Mumbai, Bruce spared time to talk to this blog. Excerpts:

At the expo preceding 2019 TMM, you spoke of how you got into running. Could you revisit that narrative for this blog?

My running is a combination of a few factors. As a young child I was always a good runner and not such a good ball sport player. I was passionate about cricket but useless at it and quite passionate about rugby but too small for it, rugby is for big guys. But whenever we ran I ran well and the longer the distance, the better I did. In my final year at school, I won the cross country. My school was one of artists, politicians and creative people. It wasn’t sporty. So it gave no indication that you could be a world beater. I went to university at Johannesburg and for two years I did no exercise whatsoever. I was aware that I was unfit. Then a couple of things happened.

We had television in South Africa only from 1976.  Until then the nationalist government wouldn’t allow us television because they didn’t want us exposed to the rest of the world where we might see races mingling and stuff like that. Eventually they couldn’t hold back the flood gates and we got television in 1976. Television showed us the Comrades Marathon. Now it is 12 hours of live broadcast, back then it wasn’t live, it was telecast a couple of weeks later. That was inspiring to me because it showed some ordinary people finishing. The race was quite small then; probably a thousand runners. Now it is 25,000. Those telecasts inspired me to run. It is also important to know that Comrades is part of the South African sporting fabric. Everybody knows about it. The final nudge was – in June 1976, the students in Sowetto rioted against being taught lessons in Afrikaans, which in their opinion, was the language of the oppressor. They wished to be taught in their home language – Zulu or Khosa – or English, but not Afrikaans. I was a university student and we decided to march in solidarity. We got set upon by the police. I got disillusioned. I was trying to find something to do. All these things came around at the same time and I decided – I am running the Comrades Marathon. Plus one of my fellow students at the university – he is still a friend – had run the Comrades. He showed me the medals and stuff. I started from there.

The Comrades happens in the beginning of June or end of May every year. My first run was ten minutes around my university rugby field. I ran loops and I did it at night because I didn’t want anyone to see. But I progressed quickly. Within a few days, I was running for half hour. Then I ventured on to the road and started going further and further. I trained on my own for six months. Then at the beginning of the next academic year, I joined the university athletic club. I was terrified because I thought these are all real athletes. However, I found that I was one of the best. Those days and even now to some extent, the road running program in South Africa is geared towards Comrades marathon. If you are a complete beginner, everybody would be busy doing their first half marathon. Right now (we met in mid-January), they would be doing their 32k runs. Next month, they would do their first full marathon. The following month, they would start doing their first ultras. End of May, they run Comrades. I was taken through that whole build-up. I completed my first marathon in 2 hours 45 minutes and my first ultra was a 56k, which I did in 3:35. At my first Comrades, I placed 43rd out of perhaps 1200 runners.

This photo was downloaded from the Facebook page of Comrades Marathon and is being used here for representation purpose. No copyright infringement intended.

Many cities worldwide now have their own marathons. The Comrades is called a marathon but it is actually an ultramarathon of 89 kilometers. How did Comrades become such a big fascination in South Africa?

We have a city marathon – the Cape Town Marathon, which is at the same level of certification as the Mumbai Marathon. It happens in September. But it is not the same as Comrades. We also have another race, which is nearly as famous called Two Oceans. That is also in Cape Town, 56k, held in April. Comrades will turn 100 years old soon. That will be a bumper year.

I really believe that sporting isolation (experienced during South Africa’s apartheid years) made us look inward. When you get banned, you start looking inward at what you have got. We were passionate about cricket and rugby. In cricket, if you have a series against India now, the stadiums would be packed. But those days (when the sporting isolation was on), this sort of things wouldn’t have happened; we would never have played India, India wouldn’t have come. So, inter-provincial games, interstate games – they became huge. Those games – home and away – would be packed. It was similar in rugby. Comrades, partly, had the same trend. What was unique about Comrades was that –people with nothing to do on that day would wake up and watch. And then what happened is – the event progressed to live television coverage. It is 12 hours of live telecast. The winners finish in five and half hours; the winning ladies finish in six hours and yet people sit glued to the television for another six hours and all they are watching is people walking! They watch because they have a loved one in there, they have a friend or they have run it before. And then on the sides of the road you have a huge number of spectators.

The sporting press also contributed, speculating on who might win an edition. In the early 1980s, which was when the event began growing, there were some characters. These characters (they were participating runners) made the race seem like theatre. The race also had traditions. One is – it changes direction every year between the two cities. When you have run the race ten times, they retire your number and give it to you – so my number is 2403 and nobody else can run in that number. My number is colored green, which identifies you as a person who has done ten Comrades or more. The route is very famous. For instance along the way you pass the Wall of Honor, which is an embankment with shields on it. All these things combined have made the event magical.

The Internet has this video of you at Comrades from the year you won it for the first time – you are seen running with a black band on your arm. How was that experience for you?

Terrible! The first time I ran Comrades I was 43rd, then I finished 14th, then third, then second – I can tell you: third is wonderful, when you are third in a marathon you can’t believe it; second is bitter, you know you could have won and first is first obviously. I had come second and I really knew I could win it. The following year, a month before the race, Comrades to its shame, allowed itself to be part of the nationalist government’s celebration of twenty years of apartheid rule. It was called republic day. They had fly pasts and tank parades – all those kind of things you see fascist countries doing. It was horrific. Politicians gave speeches about how wonderful South Africa was when actually most of our population was second class citizens. Because of the regime, those of us who loved sport had been completely isolated by the world. A lot of people withdrew from that edition of Comrades. Some of us said – let’s not withdraw but show our disagreement by wearing black arm bands. We got harassed by the security police for doing so. On the day of the race, people were throwing tomatoes and eggs at me; there was a lot of booing. I won the race. I broke the course record. But I was a very unpopular winner. In retrospect, Nelson Mandela and some of those who were being held as political prisoners on Robben Island said they were amazed. They watched! Sixteen years later, in 1997, I got an award from Mandela and that was definitely because of the race with arm band. So I was originally an unpopular winner. But then as we all know – the public love a winner. You win again, then again, and they start forgetting they were booing you.

Bruce Fordyce speaking at the expo preceding 2019 Tata Mumbai Marathon (Photo: Latha Venkatraman)

It wasn’t difficult for you getting back to the race after that experience?

The next year, I was harassed a little bit here and there. People shouted: where is your arm band this year Fordyce? I always used to reply: it is right here, in my heart. Besides I wasn’t the only one with an arm band the year before. I was the most prominent because I won. There were a lot of people throughout the field who were protesting and some of them had a very hard time from other runners. I was alone in front. Some of the others were being asked: what are you doing? Are you a Communist? Don’t you love your country? 1981 was a sad year for Comrades.

You have run Comrades 30 times. You have seen the race changing through the years. What are the changes you have noticed? Are you happy with all the changes?

I am pretty happy with most of the changes. The biggest change is the prize money. I got no money in my day. Now there is substantial prize money. The unfortunate thing with prize money is that it has definitely led to cheating. There have been drug (related) failures. There are some performances that you have to be suspicious of.  One shudders to pick on any country – but Russia….

The size of the race has grown. My first race had around 1200 people I think, the second was 1500 – it grew rapidly with the running boom that was sweeping the world. Now it is 25,000. The race gets sold out in 2-3 days. There is a problem with Comrades in that a part of our population does not have access to Internet. They still post their entry forms. But the event is already sold out. An entry form posted from a remote place will take a week to be received. But if you are in Johannesberg, you wait for the clock to strike midnight and then tap enter. Even the Americans say it is tough for them because they are several hours behind us.

1975 was the first year that Comrades allowed women and black runners to participate. Until then, it was exclusively, an all-white male event. That has been a massive change. Now there are more and more black runners coming in and doing well. Also for me, what has been amazing are the ordinary runners at the back doing 11-12 hours, plus the growth in women runners – now there’s like 5000 women participating.

There have been many Comrades winners from South Africa. There have been winners from Russia, Poland, UK, USA, Canada, Germany, New Zealand and Belarus too. Among other African countries only Zimbabwe has triumphed at the event. None of the African countries strongly associated with the marathon, feature on the list of Comrades winners. Why is that so?

They are not coming for it. Haile Gebrselassie always threatened to finish his career with Comrades. But he hasn’t. The cost of winning Comrades, you know – it takes time to recover and it is a significant commitment in terms of training. I have no doubt they will come. But they haven’t yet. I have seen two Olympic medalists running Comrades. One was – Lisa Ondieki of Australia, who won silver in the marathon at the 1988 Olympic Games. She came to Comrades but by then she was past her peak. She said I am not here to race; I want to close my running career with a Comrades medal. The other was Yuko Arimori of Japan; she had the same attitude. It would be hard to get one of those runners who are at their best because at that stage, you can command huge appearance fee. There is no appearance fee at Comrades. You get prize money. But nobody is getting paid to run. Nowadays top runners going to high profile events get fat appearance fee and guaranteed bonuses; time bonus, position bonus. It would be foolish of them to come and run Comrades.

This photo was downloaded from the Facebook page of Comrades Marathon and is being used here for representation purpose. No copyright infringement intended.

At a generic level, as running becomes more and more commercialized, what are the changes you see, the ones that you agree with and the ones you don’t?

In the early days, the running magazines that we got, the literature we had – magazines like Runner’s World, Track & Field Times, Athletics Weekly; those were full of serious running with results and stuff like that. On the cover was a photograph in black and white of whoever had just won Boston or set a world record. Now you find some model on the cover. It is not a picture of Bill Rogers wining Boston; it is a model and in many cases, you as runner know – that is not a runner. So that has changed. But what is great is that running has become accessible to the masses. There is no possible way in the 1970s that people would wait for six hours for somebody to finish. Today I saw people waiting for close to seven hours. So it’s got to the masses and that’s great. Before, it was amateur, more serious and more informative. Now it’s got hugely commercial.

In 1981, the year you won Comrades for the first time, you ran with a black arm band. Placed second the previous year, you knew you could win and were running to win Comrades. Yet you made room for your conscience and registered your protest at a larger wrong prevailing in South Africa then. In today’s world of running – amid all the pressure caused by competition; technology, money and branding – do you think athletes will pause to notice such wrongs? Is the current ambiance dominated by the sheer drill of performance dehumanizing sport somewhere; rendering human perspective mechanical and insular?

I think runners would show their displeasure at something contentious but perhaps race directors are careful about which political events they align to their events nowadays.

(The author, Shyam G Menon, is a freelance journalist based in Mumbai.)


Race walking / This photo was downloaded from the Facebook page of Manish Singh Rawat and is being used here for representation purpose only. No copyright infringement intended. Manish (blue vest) had placed 13th in a field of 74, in the 20km race walk for men at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games.

Unlike running, which is the popular face of athletics, race walking lives in the shadows. But it is no less grueling. The timings in the sport would easily resonate with amateur marathoners aware of physical strain. Further, treading the edge of walking and prevented by rules from becoming running, it isn’t easy sustaining the race walk style. The world record in the men’s 50km race walk is 3:32:33; the same for 20km is 1:16:36. Race walking formats may be in for change if the IAAF Council approves recommendations recently placed before it.   

The Race Walking Committee of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) has made three major recommendations, which if accepted by the IAAF Council, could witness changes in the format of the sport.

According to the IAAF website, the three recommendations agreed to last weekend at a meeting in Monaco include use of RWECS electronic chip insole technology for competitions from 2021, two events each in race walking for men and women at championship programs (women currently have only 20km) to maintain gender equality and reduction of race distance from the currently prevailing 20km and 50km to 10km and 30km.

The IAAF has said that the recommendations, which followed broad consultation and consideration of feedback from member federations, athletes, event organizers and stakeholders (including broadcasters), reflect the reality that event program across all major athletic meets will become “ shorter and more dynamic.’’ So innovation is required in race walk to “ ensure it remains a core discipline in the World Championships and the Olympic Games.’’

The recommended changes are accompanied by a period of transition. Using RWECS technology will help judges identify athletes who have lost touch with the ground (even as the quest is to move fast, in race walking you are expected to have one foot in touch with the ground always to make sure the sport doesn’t slip into running). It will only be adopted in 2021 provided necessary tests, introduction and distribution of insole chips are concluded by end 2020. As regards ensuring two events each for men and women and reducing the distance for each event, the suggested transition is – move from 20km and 50km for men and 20km for women at the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games, to 20km and 30km for both men and women at the Oregon 2021 World Athletics Championships to 10km and 30km for both men and women by the 2022 Race Walking Team Championships and continue that format on to the 2023 Budapest World Athletics Championships and the 2024 Paris Olympics (incidentally, the IAAF Council had recommended to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in December 2018 that a 50km race walk for women be included at the Tokyo Olympics).

“ Changes are not always an easy thing, but it is absolutely necessary to make race walking more appealing for fans and for young athletes,’’ the IAAF website quoted  its Race Walking   Committee chairperson, Maurizio Damilano, as saying in the context of the most recent recommendations. The recommendations will be included in the agenda of the next IAAF Council Meeting, 10-11 March 2019, and if the recommendations of the Committee are approved, the changes will be effective as of 1 January 2021.

Meanwhile, according to information on the website of Athletics Federation of India (AFI), India is set to host its first invitational international race walking championships, in Chennai over February 16-17, 2019. It will be alongside the sixth edition of the national open championships in the sport. A report in The Hindu dated end-January said, top national athletes are expected to take part besides second rung walkers from China, Japan, Korea and Australia. Among Indian athletes due at the event were K.T. Irfan, Manish Singh Rawat, Sandeep Kumar, Eknath Sambhaji, Ravina, Soumya Baby and Shanti Kumari. The event in Chennai will be an opportunity for Indian race walkers to qualify for the IAAF World Championships due later this year in Doha, Qatar.

Race walking traces its roots to the 17th and 18th centuries; the first competitors were footmen who ran / walked by the side of their masters’ coaches. The aristocracy of the day staked wagers on who would win a race. Some of these were multi-day races. By the 19th century, the sport now popular, was called pedestrianism. Race walking first appeared at the Olympics in 1904 with a half mile race included as part of a 10 event-all around championship, an early forerunner of the decathlon. The men’s 20km-race walk began featuring at the Olympics from 1956 onward. Women’s race walking was introduced at the Olympics in 1992 as a 10km-format; it was increased to 20km in 2000.

(The author, Shyam G Menon, is a freelance journalist based in Mumbai.)


Sebastian Coe, President, IAAF (This photo was downloaded from the IAAF website. No copyright infringement intended).

Fans connect to a sport through its athletes and the next generation of stars would need to embrace the new technology that the IAAF is planning to introduce to its World Athletics Series events to bring fans closer to the action, Sebastian Coe, President, International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) has said.

Speaking at the Leaders’ Sport Business Summit in Abu Dhabi in end-January, he said that agents were sometimes too protective of athletes to the detriment of fans and wider sport.

Coe, a former world record holder in middle distance track events, Olympic champion and chairman of the organizing committee of the 2012 London Olympics, called on athletes to express their personality. “ Sometimes the technology that brings those competitors more intimately into the lives of the young audience that we are all trying to chase at the moment, means that some of it is invasive,’’ he was quoted as saying in the report on the meeting, hosted on the IAAF website.

Elected to the post of IAAF president in 2015 – a time when sports was shaken up by doping scandals – Coe has been reported as most likely seeking reelection for a second term. In an interview to Reuters at the earlier mentioned meeting in Abu Dhabi, he said that the initial part of his tenure was about reform and “ providing confidence…that we are a sport worth investing, time, resource and finance into. The next leg of the journey has to be about innovation, it has to be about growing the sport, creating an exciting experience, particularly for young people.’’

(The author, Shyam G Menon, is a freelance journalist based in Mumbai.)